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UMBERTO MASTROIANNI. Selection of work (1931 - 1996) | Galéria mesta Bratislavy | Allowance organisation of the City of Bratislava, capital of the Slovak Republic


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UMBERTO MASTROIANNI. Selection of work (1931 - 1996)

Mirbach Palace (show Contact)
7. 5. 2008 - 15. 6. 2008
Curator: Floriano De Santi

Umberto Mastroianni was born in Fontana Liri, an ancient village in the province Frosinone, on 21 September 1910. In the year 1924 he came to Rome, where he used to visit the atelier of his uncle Domenico and drawing courses at the Academy San Marcello. In the year 1926 he moved with his family to Turin and he improved in the “sculpting craft” in the atelier of Michele Guerrisi. In the year 1930 he was for the first time given an official award by the Ministry of Education – “Premio del Turismo” and then gradually were coming subsequent exhibitions on both - national and European level - in the year 1935 Quadrennial in Rome and the following year Biennale in Venice. Filippo De Pisis appreciated his creation a lot, mainly because he was inspired by the ancient art of sculpting, Egyptian and Hellenic sculptures.
During WWII he was recruited into the army and then he actively took part in the defence. His own experience from concrete battles for freedom he later carried over into his creation and in this way he created “poetics of the defence” which was credited to him by Giulio Carlo Argan. In Turin he met the painter Luigi Spazzapano, an independent carrier of the alternative line in comparison to the “classicism” of Casorati as well as the cultural position of the group of painters “Gruppo dei Sei” bound to the heritage of the postimpressionists.
After the liberation he advertised supranational overcoming of the Italian culture according to the “historical avant-gardes”. In the year 1951 he had his first author’s exhibition in the most famous European gallery Galerie de France in Paris. However, he received his highest award at the XXIX Biennale in Venice in 1958, when he got the prize “Grand Premio Internazionale for the art of sculpting”.
In the years 1961 – 1969 he was the head of the Academy of Arts in Bologna, where he was also the head of the department of sculpting, from Turin he moved in the year 1970 to Marino Laziale, he taught first at the Academy of Arts in Naples and later in Rome. In the year 1973 the Academy Lincei awarded him with the prize “Premio Antonio Feltrinelli” for the “high ideal and shape quality of his work, remarkable influence onto the development of the modern sculpting art in Italy and mainly for his most important work Monumento alla Resistenza di Cuneo, which is a synthesis of a strong shaping engagement and a gigantic citizen’s feeling”.
In the year 1979 the Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville in Paris again introduced the whole sculpting creation of Mastroianni in the cycle on post-war Italian sculpting. A year later, Floriano De Santi was the curator of an overview of his chromed sculptures, drawings, wooden reliefs and carvings. The works that time exhibited in Palazzo Ducale in Urbino, stress the creative expression, which for years is the object of interest of a few specialists. In the year 1979, almost like a proof of his infinite experimental talent he prepared for the Roman opera the scenography Coro dei morti according to the literary pattern from the poet Giacomo Leopardi and the music by Goffredo Petrassi.
In the year 1993 in Arpino (in the spaces of the Palazzo Ducale Boncompagni) and in Rome (in spaces of San Salvatore in Lauro) two Mastroianni’s museums opened under the leadership of Floriano De Santi. In the year 1994 the immense artwork Cancellata was placed into the Royal theatre in Turin and Mastroianni was awarded honourable citizenship.

In the night of the 25 February 1998 after a long and hard illness, Mastroianni died in his house – museum in Marino. Seven years after his death the Museo del Corso in Rome organised an important retrospective exhibition with the title “Umberto Mastroianni, sculptor of European importance” which introduced a collection of 170 works from the years 1927-28 – 1997. In the year 2006 by the occasion of the 49th annual of the Festival Due Mondi followed the exhibition in the premises of the Palazzo Sansi and Rocca Albornoziana in Spoleta: both exhibitions were prepared by the curator Floriano De Santi.


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